Advantages and Disadvantages of Break Even Analysis PDF

advantages and disadvantages of break even analysis
advantages and disadvantages of break even analysis

This will attract and retain more customers, but increase the break-even quantity needed to be sold to make profit. Easy to construct and interpret.Break-even Chart is relatively easy to construct. All the calculations required to draw the costs and revenues curves need only basic math skills.

  • But this analysis assumes that prices do not change while in actual life, prices do change as a result of several factors, e.g., change in demand, fashion style, etc.
  • Production managers and executives have to be keenly conscious of their level of sales and the way close they’re to overlaying mounted and variable prices always.
  • The key to using this tool is to be realistic in your expected revenues and conservative in your expected costs.
  • Only suitable for single-product firms.Break-even Analysis is mainly suitable for businesses producing and selling only one product.

Fixed CostFixed Cost refers to the cost or expense that is not affected by any decrease or increase in the number of units produced or sold over a short-term horizon. It is the type of cost which is not dependent on the business activity. Some company concepts aren’t meant to be pursued in the first place. Break-even analysis can help you reduce risk by eliminating unprofitable projects or business units. When developing a new product, it’s a good idea to run a break-even analysis, especially if it’s a high-cost endeavour. The model assumes that costs increase constantly and do not benefit from economies of scale.

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Number of models are plotted on the horizontal axis, and whole gross sales/costs are plotted on vertical axis. Using the diagrammatical method, break-even point may be determined by pinpointing the place the two linear lines intersect. The whole revenue and total price traces are linear , since costs and variable costs are assumed to be constant per unit.

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The managers have to assess whether or not or not they’ll be capable of sell one thousand unit within an affordable time frame given the market condition. Personal expectations and monetary situation of the business should also be taken into consideration. If the managers suppose that one thousand units can solely be bought if price is lowered, break-even level ought to be re-calculated considering the change. Variable prices additionally change as material, labor and other oblique variable expenses could improve or decrease as quantity modifications. Calculating the breakeven point is a key monetary analysis tool used by business house owners. Once you know the fastened and variable prices for the product your corporation produces or a good approximation of them, you can use that information to calculate your company’s breakeven level.

The break-even analysis lets you determine what you need to sell, monthly or annually, to cover your costs of doing business. A break-even analysis can also be a useful tool for establishing realistic target sales for your crew. It’s always easier to settle on revenue targets if you have a specific amount and a timetable in mind. Direct and total cost line rise more steeply, break-even point rises. Points of profits of corresponding sales are plotted and joined. This chart shows the inter-relationship between cost, volume and profit.

advantages and disadvantages of break even analysis

Financial tools are a great way to access such careful behavior and prevent business failure. Break-even analysis is one of the most popular instruments for startups and entrepreneurs. Because it’s based on a formula which helps evaluating the level of risk carried by a startup business. The break-even point component in break-even analysis is utilized by businesses in various ways.


This analysis ignores the time lag between production and sales. The quantum of production may be kept constant, but the sales are bound to vary from period to period. This feature of sales reduces the significance of the break-even analysis as a management guide. Sometimes the best way to decrease your manufacturing costs is by opting for outsourcing.

advantages and disadvantages of break even analysis

Break-even analysis provides you with a far more solid foundation on which to offer your products. Analyze your current financial condition to determine how patient you can be in order to reach your break-even point. Lets know about the steps to do break-even analysis and its advantages and disadvantages. Although it can cope with changes in circumstances, these factors change regularly reducing its usefulness as a forecasting tool.

The higher the break-even point, the less chances are of operating the business at a profit over the years. Here is a summary of the key issues from the perspective of a startup or new business, for whom breakeven analysis is particularly relevant and important. Some company concepts are simply not intended to be followed. Break-even analysis can help you reduce risk by guiding you away from investments or product lines that are unlikely to be successful. A demand-side study would provide a seller with a lot of information about their selling ability. From stock and options trading to corporate planning for various initiatives, break-even analysis is widely utilized.

Plot the foregoing on a single break-even chart, and determine from the chart at what capacity utilization the same profit as before will be produced after the extensions have been made. There is only one product or in the case of many products, product mix will remain unchanged. Margin of safety is a device which enhances break-even analysis, since these two device are interrelated. This concept is used when a significant proportion of gross sales are likely to decline or in interval of recession or financial turn down. Number of models are plotted on the horizontal axis, and complete sales/costs are plotted on vertical axis. The inventory remains constant at the start and the end of the accounting period.


• Sales revenue is the total dollars from sales activity that you bring into your business each month or year. To perform a valid break-even analysis, you must base your forecast on the volume of business you really expect — not on how much you need to make a good profit. The key to using this tool is to be realistic in your expected revenues and conservative in your expected costs. The break-even analysis will force you to do the research that will allow you to know whether you should pursue your business idea further. When you have what you think is a good idea, the first step is to analyze whether your business will succeed.

Break Even Analysis

In break-even chart analysis, no proper policy is complied with while classifying the costs. Fixed costs are assumed to be constant at all levels of activity. Fixed expenses, it should be mentioned, tend to vary after a given degree of activity. As a newcomer to the market, you will have an impact on rivals and vice versa.

A small fall in volume may put the business into losses and a small increase in volume may give a high profit because of large angle of incidence. Last, high break even point and small angle of incidence is the worst position because it indicates a low margin of safety and a low rate of profit. It summarises a great mass of detailed information/in a graph in such a way that its significance may be grasped even with a cursory glance. In this method, break even point is that point where the contribution line cuts the fixed cost line. At this point, contribution is equal to fixed expenses and there is no profit no loss.

Therefore, the investors get enough data to convince them why they should trust you and go ahead with the investment. The break-even analysis also helps you assess whether or not your business model can withstand changes such as an increase in rent or a shift in labor costs. This is crucial because such costs later directly affect the pricing of your goods and services. Break-even analysis is based on the unrealistic assumption that sales prices are constant at different levels.

Determine Best Pricing For Your Products

Profit depends on risk involved.Whilst low-risk projects generally lead to a quicker Break-even Quantity, the value of the profits is likely to be low. High-risk projects have the potential of huge amounts of profits but have a high Break-even Quantity. It’s worth noting that break-even analysis is often a key component of business plans. If you want to get funding for your business or start-up, you’ll probably need to do a break-even analysis.

The break-even point helps businesses with pricing decisions, sales forecasting, cost management and growth strategies. With the break-even point, businesses can figure out the minimum price they need to charge to cover their costs. When this point is measured against the market price, businesses can improve their pricing strategies. For variable costs per unit, we divided the line item “Automotive and other costs of sales” with the number of units sold. The Automotive and other costs of sales or variable costs for 2018 were $120,656MM, which, when divided by 8,384,000, gives a variable cost per unit of $14,391.

Put another way, it’s a financial calculation used to determine the number of products or services you need to sell to at least cover your costs. Calculating Break-even Quantity does not guarantee success.By calculating the Break-even Quantity, the business will know how many products it has to produce and sell to break-even. But, having this knowledge does not ensure that the business will actually sell all the products and cover all of its costs to make profit. Furthermore, unsold inventory might need to be sold at a discount. So, assuming that all output produced is sold and there is no inventory seems unrealistic.

It helps the management in the optimization of profits and maximum utilization of resources. In a nutshell, the break-even analysis technique provides a fillip to the management to accelerate the volume of production to earn maximum profit. The Variable Cost curve.This advantages and disadvantages of break even analysis line will not be straight, neither will change directly with output. It is because economies of scale which lower Average Variable Cost of production when the business is operating on a larger scale. Also, not all raw materials will be purchased for the same price.

You won’t obtain a trustworthy result if you don’t enter good data into the calculation. If you’re still not convinced, this article explains how the break-even analysis might help your startup succeed. Break-even charts may give you headaches, especially if finances are not your forte. The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation.

When the margin of security is giant, the business would wish to strive new pricing, marketing and take risks hoping to further increase gross sales and revenues. On the opposite hand, if the margin of safety is meager, managers are likely to not change anything, since any small change might trigger losses. In such a situation managers would need to reduce prices, so that margin of safety may be elevated.

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